What Type of Country is Saudi Arabia?

What Type of Country is Saudi Arabia? The Middle East’s Saudi Arabia is a distinct and intriguing nation. Saudi Arabia occupies a significant position in the area and is renowned for its huge deserts, ancient history, and rich cultural legacy. This article will examine Saudi Arabia’s geography, politics, and economy as well as its thriving culture and highly-liked tourism destinations.


The Arabian Peninsula is home to Saudi Arabia, sometimes referred to as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen are its neighbors. The largest nation in the Middle East is Saudi Arabia, which has a population of about 34 million. Let’s explore further what makes Saudi Arabia a distinct and alluring country.

Geographical Location

Land Area and Borders

Saudi Arabia is the 13th biggest nation in the world, with a total size of over 2.15 million square kilometers. It covers much of the Arabian Peninsula and has a coastline that juts out into the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. Due to its advantageous position, it has become a major force in the politics and economy of the area.

Climate and Environment

Saudi Arabia has a wide variety of climates, from sweltering desert heat to milder conditions around the coast. The great majority of the nation is desert, including the well-known Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter). Saudi Arabia has distinct ecosystems, including coral reefs along its beaches and mountain ranges in the southwest, despite its dry climate.

Political Structure

Government and Leadership

Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy with a distinctive, Islamic-based governmental structure. The monarch is in charge at all times and is both the head of state and of government. The nation adheres to the Wahhabi interpretation of Sunni Islam, which has a significant impact on its political and social structures.

Legal System and Laws

Saudi Arabia’s judicial system is governed by Islamic Sharia law. These rules are enforced by the religious police, also known as the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice. It is significant to emphasize that traditional values and religious adherence are highly valued in the judicial system.

Political Parties and Elections

Political parties and conventional national elections are absent from Saudi Arabia. There are consultative organizations that provide the monarch input on legislative issues, though, including the Shura Council. To promote grassroots public engagement, local elections have been implemented.

What Type of Country is Saudi Arabia?


Oil and Energy Resources

One of the world’s top oil producers, Saudi Arabia is home to enormous oil reserves. The nation is a major player in the world’s energy markets since its economy is mostly dependent on oil exports. Saudi Arabia has worked hard in recent years to diversify its economy and lessen its reliance on oil by fostering industries like tourism, manufacturing, and technology.

Diversification Efforts

Saudi Arabia is actively attempting to diversify its economy in line with its Vision 2030 goal. The strategy seeks to establish a dynamic culture, a booming economy, and an aspirational country. To draw tourists from the outside and promote economic growth, investments are being made in industries including entertainment, tourism, and renewable energy.

Economic Sectors

Apart from the oil industry, Saudi Arabia has thriving sectors in finance, telecommunications, construction, and petrochemicals. The country has also embarked on major infrastructure projects, including the development of mega-cities like NEOM and Qiddiya, which aim to position Saudi Arabia as a global hub for innovation and tourism.


In conclusion, Saudi Arabia is a country that encompasses a diverse range of elements, making it truly unique. Its geographical location, characterized by expansive deserts and stunning coastlines, adds to its allure. The political structure, deeply rooted in Islamic principles and governed by an absolute monarchy, shapes the country’s governance and legal system.

The Saudi Arabian economy, historically reliant on oil exports, is undergoing a transformation with the Vision 2030 plan. This ambitious initiative seeks to diversify the economy and reduce dependence on oil through investments in various sectors, including tourism, technology, and entertainment.


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